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Nigerians Burn Away 5 Billion On Generators Annually

Amazing Nigerians Burn Away 5 Billion On Generators Annually

Amazing Nigerians burn away 5 billion on generators annually. According to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Mr Yakubu Dogara lawmakers are reviewing some of Nigeria’s energy laws to offer a proper legal framework that would help renewable energy to the benefit of the economy.

Renewable energy is a source of clean energy which is environment-friendly and is crucial to the economy of the future. We can only be self-sufficient in the energy field when we combine all our energy resources such as the wind, solar, hydro, biomass, biofuel, landfill, sewage gas, solid waste, geothermal energy, ocean energy among others. The proper legal framework to exploit renewable energy which is nature’s gift to humanity is non-existent in Nigeria.

Nigeria is a country with enormous resources and untapped opportunities.  To meet its full potential experts in the power sector estimate that Nigeria will require an investment of at least 3.5 billion dollars annually in power generating capacity, with large investments required in the other supply chain of transmission and distribution networks.

Mr Babatunde Fashola, Minister for Power, Works and Housing, said in a lecture that the Federal Government’s road map for solving the country’s power crisis was to utilise incremental power wherever it could be found to achieve steady power supply.

In a bid to improve power generation, supply and distribution, the Federal Government signed a Solar Power Purchase Agreements worth 1.75 billion dollars with 14 companies to build 1,125 megawatts capacity of renewable power across the country. The Minister for Power, Works and Housing elucidated that the incremental power project of the Federal Government is the development of hydro power through the construction and rehabilitation of several hydro power dams in the country.

In addition, some of the ongoing power projects include the 30-megawatt Gurara hydro power plant in Kaduna, 10-megawatt Tiga dam hydropower plant in Kano, 10-megawatt Oyan dam hydro power plant in Osun and 8-megawatt Challawa dam hydropower plant in Kano.

There are reports that NEPA power supply has been stable in many areas of Lagos for the last few months. We have however been here before, such as in the early days of the Muhammadu Buhari government. The power supply from NEPA was constant, the price of generators and inverters were falling. The masses were hopeful that the hell they had lived in was coming to an end. What transpired in Nigeria since then has been hell times two. The country saw some of the worst power failures in living memory. The prices of generators and inverters have more than doubled. For example in 2015 you could buy a quality grid tied inverter with a built-in charger for ₦20,000. The same inverter now cost over ₦50,000.

There are however signs that the situation is starting to change for the better with the recent announcement by the Transmission Company of Nigeria (TCN) that Power Generation Companies (GenCos) have deployed Free Control mechanisms in their power plants. The free governor is an important controller in the power plant as it regulates the turbine speed and power movement in the grid frequency regulation. According to power sector analyst, the deployment is responsible for the recent improvements in national grid power supply. Are you experiencing good NEPA supply area?

 

Flooding Causes Power Outages In Ikoyi Victoria Island

Flooding Causes Power Outages In Ikoyi Victoria Island. Eko Electricity Distribution Company on Sunday 9th July 2017 announced power outages in Ikoyi, Victoria Island and surrounding areas because some of their injection substations and equipment have been submerged in flooding.

The General Manager, Corporate Communications, EKEDC, Mr Godwin Idemudia, said they were having challenges in almost all its injection substations, as a result of the flood from Saturday’s heavy rains.

He said that the management had directed that transmission is ‘deloaded’ in the affected areas for safety.

The injection substations affected by the flood include Lekki Transmission Station, Agungi, Lekki, Ademola and Anifowoshe.

“Victoria Garden City, Water Front, Maroko and Oniru Injection Stations are completely out.

“We need to look at the extent of the effect of the flood on our equipment.

“However, we are presently working round the clock to restore supply to our esteemed customers,” he said.

It at times like these that an inverter backup system becomes so precious that its value cannot be determined.  When you run your generator you won’t be just burning away fuel, you will be charging your batteries.

The Mercury 2.4kva-Complete Inverter System which comes with two  Mercury Elite 200ah Deep Cycle Batteries included can provide backup power for up to 12 hours depending on usage.  If your TV is on continuously along with lights and fans it can run for up to 6 hours.   If you add four 300 watts solar panels to this setup, you can have 24 hours power with or without NEPA.

2.4KVA Inverter User Manual

Mercury Inverter 2.4kva User Manual

The Mercury Inverter 2.4kva User Manual will help you familiarise yourself with all of the features of the Mercury 2.4kva inverter and the correct installation procedure.

The Mercury Inverter 2.4kva is compact and designed to power your home appliances and precious electronics.   Its compact size enables easy installation and high movability.  Compared with traditional inverters in the market, this inverter provides two operation modes: UPS mode and Inverter mode.   On UPS mode, the inverter can provide continuous power to general home appliances.   At Inverter mode, the inverter can provide continuous power to bulb and fan loads.

The inverter has two charging modes:10A and 20A, select 10A mode when connecting to battery sizes 100AH  and lower, select 20A mode when connecting to  100AH and above.

Product Overview

Mercury Inverter Front View

 Important Safety Warnings

Before using the inverter, please read all instructions and cautionary
markings on the unit, the manual and batteries.

General Precaution-

Conventions used:

WARNING! Warnings identify conditions or practices that could result in personal
injury;

CAUTION! Cautions identify conditions or practices that could result in damage to
the unit or other equipment connected.

CAUTION! The unit is designed for indoor use. Do not expose this unit to rain, snow
or liquids of any type.

CAUTION! To reduce the risk of injury, only use qualified batteries from qualified
distributors or manufacturers. Any unqualified batteries may cause damage and
injury. Do NOT use old or overdue batteries. Please check the battery type and date
code before installation to avoid damage and injury.

WARNING! To connect the inverter to a fuse box engage the services of a qualified electrician, with extensive experience of connecting inverters to NEPA.

WARNING! It’s very important for system safety and efficient operation to use
appropriate external battery cables. To reduce the risk of injury, external battery cables
should be UL certified and rated for 75 C or higher. Do not use copper cables
less than lOAWG. Below is the external battery cable reference according to system
requirements.

Mercury Battery Cable Size

CAUTION! Do not disassemble the inverter. Contact a Mercury Service Centre
when service or repair is required.

WARNING! Provide ventilation to outdoors from the battery compartment. The
battery enclosure should be designed to prevent accumulation and concentration of hydrogen gas at the top of the compartment.

CAUTION! Use insulated tools to reduce the chance of short-circuiting when installing or
working with the inverter, the batteries, or other equipment attached to this unit.
CAUTION! For battery installation and maintenance, read the battery manufacturer’s
installation and maintenance instructions prior to operating.

Personnel Precaution –

CAUTION! Careful to reduce the risk or dropping a metal tool on the batteries. It could
spark or short circuit the batteries and could cause an explosion.

CAUTION! Remove personal metal items such as rings, bracelets, necklaces, and
watches when working with batteries. Batteries can produce a short circuit current
high enough to make metal melt and could cause severe burns.

CAUTION! Avoid touching eyes while working near batteries.

CAUTION! Have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby in case battery acid contacts
skin, clothing, or eyes.

CAUTION! NEVER smoke or allow a spark or flame in the vicinity of a battery.
CAUTION! If a remote or automatic generator start system is used, disable the
automatic starting circuit or disconnect the generator to prevent an accident during
servicing.

Specifications

Mercury Inverter specification

Installation

NOTE: Before installation, inspect the unit and be sure that nothing inside the package is damaged.

Step 1

A qualified electrician should create a NEPA only charging socket for the inverter.   The charging socket needs to be NEPA only, so the inverter does not feedback on itself.

Step 2

From the fuse box, a qualified electrician should separate the intended inverter load from the load which will be powered by NEPA only e.g AC, fridge and kitchen sockets.

Step 3

Confirm that the inverter is switched off.  Plug the inverter load into one of the AC output sockets on the back of the inverter.

Step 4

Connect the inverter to an external battery bank

 

WARNING! Please use the appropriate battery cable. Please refer to Important
Safety Warnings Section for the details.

c: – Tight the battery cables with the M5 nuts. Do NOT place anything between the
flat part of the battery terminal and the battery cable ring terminal, or overheating
may occur. (See Fig.1)

Mercury Inverter Battery Cable Connect

Battery type selection and configuration and charging current mode selection: 4.2.1Normal configuration method:

For Inverter 1200VA, it is suggested that maximum capacity of. a battery is 12V/200Ah. With different type, detailed respectively, the  suggested configuration is as follows:

For Inverter 2400VA, it is suggested that maximum capacity of the battery is  24V/400Ah.

For different sizes, the detailed configuration is suggested as follows:

Long backup configuration  method: For special requirements,

How to Mixed Connection (See Fig 3)

The maximum battery capacity that should be connected to the inverter is shown below

For Inverter 1200VA, the detailed configuration for different battery sizes is suggested as follows:

For Inverter  2400VA, the detailed configuration for different battery sizes is suggested as follows:

1.2kva Battery Connection
1.2kva Battery Connection
2.4kva Battery Connection
2.4kva Battery Connection

Step 5

Plug in the AC input cord to the NEPA only wall outlet. The unit will automatically charge the connected external battery bank even though the unit is off.

 

Mounting the Unit

The unit can be mounted to a wall surface.  Please follow below steps:

  1. Turn off the unit before mounting.
  2. Select an appropriate mounting location.  Use a horizontal line and the length of the line must be 205 mm and mark the two ends of the wall. (see Fig.4)
  3. Drill two marks by screws.
  4. Mount the unit by positioning the key-hole slots over the mounting screw (see Fig.5 )

    Operation

    Mounting Mercury Inverter

    Power On/Off

    Once the inverter has been properly installed, press the power switch to turn on the unit. The unit will work automatically in line mode or inverter mode according to input utility power’s  status. When pressing the power switch again, the unit will be turned off.

     

    1. Input voltage

    2. Output voltage

    3. AC mode (machine in line mode, this LCD symbol lights )

    4. Battery mode (when AC input voltage is abnormal, this LCD symbol lights)

     

    5. Battery level (Battery capability)

    6. Low battery (when battery voltage is low, this LCD symbol flashes)

    7. Load level (Lod percent)

    8. Overload (when there is output overloading,  this LCD symbol flashes)

    9. Fault mode (this LCD symbol will light when the inverter is in fault mode, such as output shorted, overload)

Operation  Mode Selector

a). “UPS “: setting for the conventional electrical appliance.

If you select this mode, the unit’s input utility range is narrow.If the utility is higher

or lower than this range, the unit will transfer to battery mode automatically. And you can connect the general home appliances when you select this operation mode.

b). “INV “: se_tting for energy saving.

If you select this mode, the unit’s input utility range is wide. f the utility is higher or lower than this range, the unit will transfer to inverter mode automatically.  So, you can connect lamp and fan load.

 

Charging Current Mode Selector

  • “10A’: The maximum charging current is 10A, select 10A mode When Connecting Battery 100AH and Lower.
  • “20A’: The maximum charging current is 20A, select 20A mode When Connecting Battery 100AH and Above.

The detailed refer to Table 4 and Table 5.

Mercury Inverter Trouble Shooting

Mercury Inverter Trouble Shooting

 

 

 

 

Nigeria Inverter Buying Guide

Nigeria Inverter Buying Guide

Why you need an inverter?

 

Power outages are common in Nigeria and a good inverter and battery can be priceless during such events.   It can be very frustrating when you are watching your favourite program on TV and everything suddenly goes black.  With an inverter and battery, you can have uninterrupted power supply without the noise and pollution of a generator.

But how do you choose the right ones?  Which factors are important to consider when buying an Inverter and battery.

There are literally thousands of branded inverters and batteries on the Nigerian market.   If you choose an inverter and battery with the wrong specification for your Use Case, you could end up with a very expensive mess.

The Nigeria inverter buying guide will arm you with the information you need to make the right choice for your own individual circumstances.  

Inverter Type

There is two main type of inverters available on the market.  Modified Sine Wave and Pure Sine Wave.   If you wish to power small household appliances like lights, TV,s and fans. Modified Sine Wave inverters are affordable and have high efficiency. They will provide you with power comparable (but not identical) to what you get from NEPA.

 If you would like to run larger appliances like a fridge, freezer, AC or medical equipment you should buy a Pure Sine Wave inverter.   They are ideal for motor startups,  make little or no noise  and give power quality equivalent to what you get from NEPA, however, Pure Sine Wave inverter can cost twice as much as an equivalent Modified Sine Wave Inverter

Inverter Size

To choose the right inverter size for your needs, calculate the total wattage of all the electrical appliances you would like to run on the inverter.   This can be achieved by checking the power rating label found on each appliance and adding up the total wattage. You can find out the wattage of your appliances by checking the markings on them or by reading the user manuals.  If you wish to keep your total cost down,  it is advisable to run only your essential appliances on the inverter.  The following is an example:

 

Equipment Common Energy Consumption in Watts
Laptop 20W
Ceiling Fan 50W
DSTV 20W
Televisions 150W
Desktop Computer 85W
4 Energy Saving Bulbs 60W
TOTAL 385W

 

We recommend that you buy an inverter twice the size of your total energy requirements so that you have extra capacity and do not run the risk of overloading your inverter.

Battery Bank

Batteries are required to store energy from NEPA, Generator or a renewable energy source e.g solar panels.  Batteries are an essential part of any power backup system and the performance and longevity of your inverter system will largely be dependent on the quality of the batteries you use.

The minimum required size of your battery bank will be determined by the voltage requirements of your inverter.  A  12-volt inverter, for example,  requires 12 volts and will work if you connect it to a single 12v battery.   A 24-volt inverter will require 24 volts, which you can achieve by connecting two12 volt batteries in series.

Think of a battery like a bucket of energy.   It will only hold a certain amount and no amount of praying and hoping will make hold more.  Battery capacities are typically given in Ampere Hour (AH), specifically indicating the inverter’s current supply rate per hour of operation, for instance, a 200 AH inverter battery can deliver 200AH of current for every 60 minutes of operations.

The most common inverter capacity batteries available in Nigeria are 12v 100AH and 200AH.

The minimum required battery bank size may or may not be enough to meet your needs.  You can determine the correct sizing for your home by using the following formula.

Amp rating of battery x inverter voltage (assuming 80% efficiency ) ÷ load wattage.

Example:

200ah (Amp rating of battery)  x 24v  (Voltage of inverter) = 4800  assuming 80% efficiency  3840  ÷ 385 watts (Load) = approximately 9  hours.

The above result is based on a continuous 385 watts load, in reality, the backup time could be increased significantly by managing the number of appliances you have on at any given time.   For example, you may decide to only turn on your TV, when your favourite programs are on.

By adopting such a disciplined approach you could save a substantial amount of money by starting with a much smaller less expensive battery bank.  You can always add more batteries later on if your requirements change.  We do not charge for installation, so long as you purchase your system components from mercurydirect.com.ng

Battery Type

Even though inverters are run by lead acid batteries, those typically used in vehicles are not compatible with inverters because those types of batteries are built for delivering exceptionally high currents for short spans of time, for example, starting the ignitions of vehicles.

Dry Cell Deep Cycle Inverter batteries are convenient for inverter system use because they require absolutely no maintenance.   These types of batteries are perfect for home or-or small office applications where regular battery maintenance is not feasible.  They have a longer shelf than Wet Cell Deep Cycle batteries and can be left sitting around for long periods without use, with no detriment to performance.

Tubular Wet Cell Deep Cycle batteries come equipped with sophisticated designs, which ensure excellent electrical efficiency and increased lifespan.  They can often go on working for 10 years or more, however, they can be very expensive to maintain and should not be left sitting around for long periods of time without use.   Like the muscles of the body, they need regular use to maintain optimal performance.

They come with caps which you will have to remove every 3 to 6 months to add distilled water and they generate hydrogen gas while charging which needs to be well ventilated outside.

Inverter Battery Brands

There are a lot of inverter battery brands available on the Nigerian market. The problem is that the majority of these batteries are relatively low-quality compared to those from dedicated inverter battery manufacturers. This is why most experts recommend investing in a battery from reputable manufacturers such as Mercury.

Inverter Efficiency and Battery Charging

Efficient inverters like the ones sold on mercurydirect.com.ng  draw minimum energy from your distro or gen to fully charge your batteries, while non-energy efficient types waste a significant amount of energy during charging sessions, leading to high NEPA bills.

Warranties and Guarantees

A warranty simply means the manufacturer will be willing to provide maintenance and repair of certain components for a specific number of years or months if a malfunction occurs, while a guarantee stipulates a brand new replacement if faulty.

Due to the high cost of Deep Cycles batteries, it is always recommended that you invest in a brand new unit so you can take advantage of the guarantee and warranty, should there be a malfunction.  Mercury batteries are sold with a one year guarantee and warranty.  meaning you will get a new replacement in the unlikely event your batteries become faulty within the first year.

 

Inverter Tricks & Tips

Mercury Inverter Tips and Tricks

Get to know your Mercury Inverter. Learn the Mercury inverter tips and tricks to get the most out of your Inverter.

1. Use new Deep Cycle Batteries

The main job of an Inverter is to convert DC to AC, it draws from one or more batteries to power your home or office appliances. The best batteries for Inverter usage are Deep Cycle batteries. They are designed to provide a steady amount of current over a long period of time and to be deeply discharged over and over again.

2. Choose the right size Inverter for your needs

When it comes to Inverters, bigger does not always mean better. Choosing the wrong size Inverter could mean that you spend significantly more money than you need too. In most cases the bigger the capacity of Inverter the higher the voltage required to power it.

A 1.2kva Mercury Inverter requires only one 12 volts. A 2.4kva Mercury Inverter requires two 12 volt batteries connected in series to generate the required 24 volts.

3. Use Energy Saving Bulbs

Compared to normal light bulbs energy saving bulbs use on average about 25% – 80% less energy. Which means less load on your Inverter and longer runtime.

4. Use Energy Efficient Home Appliance

They will not only help you save money. They will also help you increase the number of hours your Inverter can run for each day. Both LG and Samsung have state of the art energy-efficient products. For example, you can buy A+++ Air conditioners, fridges and TVs. There are now TVs available which use less energy than a light bulbs

5. Implement Energy Saving Practices

Switch things off when you are not in the room, for example, lights, TVs, fans and game consoles. Make “turn it off when done” a family habit.

6. Respect Low Battery Alarm

When the Low Battery alarm on the Mercury Inverter sounds, turn the Inverter off. The alarm is there to warn you that the level of discharge is low. If you don,t turn off the alarm, your batteries will be excessively drained. If you continue to do this day after day you will eventually ruin your batteries.

7. Fully Charge New Batteries

When you buy new inverter batteries, make sure to fully charge them, before using for the first time. This will help ensure they service your longer.

8. Use Identical Batteries

For best performance, ensure all batteries are of the same brand, age and capacity.

9. Read the Manual

Before you install and use a Mercury Inverter. Read the user manual, all instructions and cautionary markings on the device and on the batteries.

10. Use Automatic Changeover Mode

Your family will not have to run around when NEPA strikes, the lights will remain on and the DSTV will not restart in the middle of your favourite programme.