Author: Olalando

Solar energy prices hit record low India cancels plans for huge coal power stations

For the first time solar cost less than coal in India and the implications this has for transforming global energy markets is huge.

Measures taken by the Indian Government to improve energy efficiency coupled with ambitious renewable energy targets and the rate at which the cost of solar is falling has had a a marked effect on existing as well as proposed coal fired power plants, rendering an increasing number them financially undesirable.

The number of the global financial institutions who are bidding into India’s solar power infrastructure tenders is a strong approval of India’s leadership in this energy transformation and will have significant ripple effects into other transforming markets, as is already seen in the UAE, South Africa, Australia, Chile and Mexico.

How to use the Mercury Battery Backup Calculator

How to use the Mercury Battery Backup Calculator

The Mercury Battery Backup Calculator is designed to help you determine how  long your inverter battery or bank of batteries will last on a full charge.    

 

Step 1: Battery Amp/Hrs

In the first field use the slider to select the total Amp/Hrs of your battery or bank of batteries.  For example If you are using a 12v inverter with two 200ah 12v Deep Cycle batteries,move the slider to 400.  Two 12v batteries connected in parallel equals 12 volts and 400 Amp/Hrs.

If you are using a 24v inverter with two 200ah 12v Deep Cycle batteries,move the slider to 200.   Two 12v batteries connected in series equals 24 volts  and 200 Amp/Hrs.  If you are using a 48v inverter with four  200ah 12v Deep Cycle batteries, move the slider to 200.  Four 12v batteries connected in series equals 48 volts and 200 Amp/Hrs.

 

Step 2: Inverter Voltage

In the second field select the voltage of your inverter.  For example if you are using a Mercury 1.2kva (Classic Model) select 12v.  If you are using a Mercury 2.4kva (Classic Model) or a 3kva (Mercury Soho) inverter select 24v and if you are using a Mercury 5kva (Mercury Soho) inverter select 48v.

 

Step 3: Load

 

In the third field enter the total wattage of appliances connected to the inverter.  You can find the wattage of each item by looking at markings on the body, in the user manual or with the help of a watt meter.

 

Step 4: Backup Hours

In the fourth field the Mercury Battery Backup Calculator will tell you how many hours you can expect your inverter to run till the battery or bank of batteries reach an 80% depth of discharge.

http://mercurydirect.com.ng/mercury-battery-backup-time-calculator/

Amazing Nigerians Burn Away 5 Billion On Generators Annually

Amazing Nigerians burn away 5 billion on generators annually. According to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Mr Yakubu Dogara lawmakers are reviewing some of Nigeria’s energy laws to offer a proper legal framework that would help renewable energy to the benefit of the economy.

Renewable energy is a source of clean energy which is environment-friendly and is crucial to the economy of the future. We can only be self-sufficient in the energy field when we combine all our energy resources such as the wind, solar, hydro, biomass, biofuel, landfill, sewage gas, solid waste, geothermal energy, ocean energy among others. The proper legal framework to exploit renewable energy which is nature’s gift to humanity is non-existent in Nigeria.

Nigeria is a country with enormous resources and untapped opportunities.   To meet its full potential experts in the power sector estimate that Nigeria will require an investment of at least 3.5 billion dollars annually in power generating capacity, with large investments required in the other supply chain of transmission and distribution networks.

Mr Babatunde Fashola, Minister for Power, Works and Housing, said in a lecture that the Federal Government’s road map for solving the country’s power crisis was to utilise incremental power wherever it could be found to achieve steady power supply.

In a bid to improve power generation, supply and distribution, the Federal Government signed a Solar Power Purchase Agreements worth 1.75 billion dollars with 14 companies to build 1,125 megawatts capacity of renewable power across the country. The Minister for Power, Works and Housing elucidated that the incremental power project of the Federal Government is the development of hydro power through the construction and rehabilitation of several hydro power dams in the country.

In addition, some of the ongoing power projects include the 30-megawatt Gurara hydro power plant in Kaduna, 10-megawatt Tiga dam hydropower plant in Kano, 10-megawatt Oyan dam hydro power plant in Osun and 8-megawatt Challawa dam hydropower plant in Kano.

There are reports that NEPA power supply has been stable in many areas of Lagos for the last few months. We have however been here before, such as in the early days of the Muhammadu Buhari government. The power supply from NEPA was constant, the price of generators and inverters were falling. The masses were hopeful that the hell they had lived in was coming to an end. What transpired in Nigeria since then has been hell times two. The country saw some of the worst power failures in living memory. The prices of generators and inverters have more than doubled. For example in 2015 you could buy a quality grid tied inverter with a built-in charger for N20,000. The same inverter now cost over  N50,000.

There are however signs that the situation is starting to change for the better with the recent announcement by the Transmission Company of Nigeria (TCN) that Power Generation Companies (GenCos) have deployed Free Control mechanisms in their power plants. The free governor is an important controller in the power plant as it regulates the turbine speed and power movement in the grid frequency regulation. According to power sector analyst, the deployment is responsible for the recent improvements in national grid power supply. Are you experiencing good NEPA supply area?

Flooding Causes Power Outages In Ikoyi Victoria Island

Flooding Causes Power Outages In Ikoyi Victoria Island. Eko Electricity Distribution Company on Sunday 9th July 2017 announced power outages in Ikoyi, Victoria Island and surrounding areas because some of their injection substations and equipment have been submerged in flooding.

The General Manager, Corporate Communications, EKEDC, Mr Godwin Idemudia, said they were having challenges in almost all its injection substations, as a result of the flood from Saturday’s heavy rains.

He said that the management had directed that transmission is ‘deloaded’ in the affected areas for safety.

The injection substations affected by the flood include Lekki Transmission Station, Agungi, Lekki, Ademola and Anifowoshe.

Victoria Garden City, Water Front, Maroko and Oniru Injection Stations are completely out.

“”We need to look at the extent of the effect of the flood on our equipment.

“However, we are presently working round the clock to restore supply to our esteemed customers,” he said.

It at times like these that an inverter backup system becomes so precious that its value cannot be determined.  When you run your generator you won’t be just burning away fuel, you will be charging your batteries.

The Mercury 2.4kva-Complete Inverter System which comes with two  Mercury Elite 200ah Deep Cycle Batteries included can provide backup power for up to 12 hours depending on usage.  If your TV is on continuously along with lights and fans it can run for up to 6 hours.   If you add four 300 watts solar panels to this setup, you can have 24 hours power with or without NEPA.”

Nigeria Inverter Buying Guide

Why you need an inverter?

Power outages are common in Nigeria and a good inverter and battery can be priceless during such events.  It can be very frustrating when you are watching your favourite program on TV and everything suddenly goes black.  With an inverter and battery, you can have uninterrupted power supply without the noise and pollution of a generator.

But how do you choose the right ones?  Which factors are important to consider when buying an Inverter and battery.

There are literally thousands of branded inverters and batteries on the Nigerian market.  If you choose an inverter and battery with the wrong specification for your Use Case, you could end up with a very expensive mess.

The Nigeria inverter buying guide will arm you with the information you need to make the right choice for your own individual circumstances.

Inverter Type

There is two main type of inverters available on the market.  Modified Sine Wave and Pure Sine Wave.  If you wish to power small household appliances like lights, TV,s and fans. Modified Sine Wave inverters are affordable and have high efficiency. They will provide you with power comparable (but not identical) to what you get from NEPA.

If you would like to run larger appliances like a fridge, freezer, AC or medical equipment you should buy a Pure Sine Wave inverter.  They are ideal for motor startups,  make little or no noise  and give power quality equivalent to what you get from NEPA, however, Pure Sine Wave inverter can cost twice as much as an equivalent Modified Sine Wave Inverter

Inverter Size

To choose the right inverter size for your needs, calculate the total wattage of all the electrical appliances you would like to run on the inverter.  This can be achieved by checking the power rating label found on each appliance and adding up the total wattage. You can find out the wattage of your appliances by checking the markings on them or by reading the user manuals.  If you wish to keep your total cost down,  it is advisable to run only your essential appliances on the inverter.  The following is an example:

 

Equipment Common Energy Consumption in Watts
Laptop 20W
Ceiling Fan 50W
DSTV 20W
Televisions 150W
Desktop Computer 85W
4 Energy Saving Bulbs 60W
TOTAL 385W

 

We recommend that you buy an inverter twice the size of your total energy requirements so that you have extra capacity and do not run the risk of overloading your inverter.

Battery Bank

Batteries are required to store energy from NEPA, Generator or a renewable energy source e.g solar panels. Batteries are an essential part of any power backup system and the performance and longevity of your inverter system will largely be dependent on the quality of the batteries you use.

The minimum required size of your battery bank will be determined by the voltage requirements of your inverter.  A 12-volt inverter, for example, requires 12 volts and will work if you connect it to a single 12v battery.  A 24-volt inverter will require 24 volts, which you can achieve by connecting two 12 volt batteries in series.

Think of a battery like a bucket of energy.  It will only hold a certain amount and no amount of praying and hoping will make it hold more. Battery capacities are typically given in Ampere Hour (AH), specifically indicating the inverter’s current supply rate per hour of operation, for instance, a 200 AH inverter battery can deliver 200AH of current for every 60 minutes of operations.

The most common inverter  battery capacities available in Nigeria are 12v 100AH and 200AH.

The minimum required battery bank size may or may not be enough to meet your needs.  You can determine the correct sizing for your home by using the following formula.

Amp rating of battery x inverter voltage (assuming 80% efficiency )  load wattage.

Example:

200ah (Amp rating of battery)  x 24v  (Voltage of inverter)   assuming 80% efficiency and 80% depth of discharge  / 385 watts (Load) = approximately 7  hours.

The above result is based on a continuous 385 watts load, in reality, the backup time could be increased significantly by managing the number of appliances you have on at any given time.  For example, you may decide to only turn on your TV, when your favorite programs are on.

Adopting such a disciplined approach  could save you a substantial amount of money.   You can  start with a small  battery bank and add more batteries later on if your requirements change.  We do not charge for installation, so long as you purchase your system components from mercurydirect.com.ng

Battery Type

Even though inverters are run by lead acid batteries, those typically used in vehicles are not compatible with inverters because those types of batteries are built for delivering exceptionally high currents for short spans of time, for example, starting the ignitions of vehicles.

Dry Cell Deep Cycle Inverter batteries are convenient for inverter system use because they require absolutely no maintenance.  These types of batteries are perfect for home or-or small office applications where regular battery maintenance is not feasible. Unlike Wet Cell Deep Cycle batteries they can be left sitting around for long periods without use, with no detriment to performance.

Tubular Wet Cell Deep Cycle batteries come equipped with sophisticated designs, which ensure excellent electrical efficiency and increased lifespan.  They can often go on working for 10 years or more, however, they can be very expensive to maintain and should not be left sitting around for long periods of time without use.  Like the muscles of the body, they need regular use to maintain optimal performance.

They come with caps which you will have to remove every 3 to 6 months to add distilled water and they generate hydrogen gas while charging which needs to be well ventilated outside.

Inverter Battery Brands

There are a lot of inverter battery brands available on the Nigerian market. The problem is that the majority of these batteries are relatively low-quality compared to those from dedicated inverter battery manufacturers. This is why most experts recommend investing in a battery from reputable manufacturers such as Mercury.

Inverter Efficiency and Battery Charging

Efficient inverters like the ones sold on mercurydirect.com.ng  draw minimum energy from your distro or gen to fully charge your batteries, while non-energy efficient types waste a significant amount of energy during charging sessions, leading to high NEPA bills.

Warranties and Guarantees

A warranty simply means the manufacturer will be willing to provide maintenance and repair of certain components for a specific number of years or months if a malfunction occurs, while a guarantee stipulates a brand new replacement if faulty.

Due to the high cost of Deep Cycles batteries, it is always recommended that you invest in a brand new unit so you can take advantage of the guarantee and warranty, should there be a malfunction. Mercury batteries are sold with a one year guarantee and warranty, meaning you will get a new replacement in the unlikely event your batteries become faulty within the first year.

Mercury Inverter Tips and Tricks

Get to know your Mercury Inverter. Learn the Mercury inverter tips and tricks to get the most out of your Inverter.

1. Use new Deep Cycle Batteries

The main job of an Inverter is to convert DC to AC, it draws from one or more batteries to power your home or office appliances. The best batteries for Inverter usage are Deep Cycle batteries. They are designed to provide a steady amount of current over a long period of time and to be deeply discharged over and over again.

2. Choose the right size Inverter for your needs

When it comes to Inverters, bigger does not always mean better. Choosing the wrong size Inverter could mean that you spend significantly more money than you need too. In most cases the bigger the capacity of Inverter the higher the voltage required to power it.

A 1.2kva Mercury Inverter requires only one 12 volts. A 2.4kva Mercury Inverter requires two 12 volt batteries connected in series to generate the required 24 volts.

3. Use Energy Saving Bulbs

Compared to normal light bulbs energy saving bulbs use on average about 25% – 80% less energy. Which means less load on your Inverter and longer runtime.

4. Use Energy Efficient Home Appliance

They will not only help you save money. They will also help you increase the number of hours your Inverter can run for each day. Both LG and Samsung have state of the art energy-efficient products. For example, you can buy A+++ Air conditioners, fridges and TVs and there are now TVs available which use less energy than a light bulbs

5. Implement Energy Saving Practices

Switch things off when you are not in the room, for example, lights, TVs, fans and game consoles.   Make “”turn it off when done”” a family habit.

6. Respect Low Battery Alarm

When the Low Battery alarm on the Mercury Inverter sounds, turn the Inverter off. The alarm is there to warn you that the level of discharge is low. If you don,t turn off the alarm, your batteries will be excessively drained. If you continue to do this day after day you will eventually ruin your batteries.

7. Fully Charge New Batteries

When you buy new Mercury inverter batteries, make sure to  charge them for 8 hours, before using for the first time. This will help ensure they service you longer.

8. Use Identical Batteries

For best performance, ensure all batteries are of the same brand, age and capacity.

9. Read the Manual

Before you install and use a Mercury Inverter. Read the user manual, all instructions and cautionary markings on the device and on the batteries.

10. Use Automatic Changeover Mode

Your family will not have to run around when NEPA strikes, the lights will remain on and the DSTV will not restart in the middle of your favourite programme.”